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The Sin of Nadab and Abihu
10Â Aaronâ€™s sons Nadab and Abihu put coals of fire in their incense burners and sprinkled incense over them. In this way, they disobeyed theÂ LordÂ by burning before him the wrong kind of fire, different than he had commanded.Â 2Â So fire blazed forth from theÂ Lordâ€™s presence and burned them up, and they died there before theÂ Lord.
3Â Then Moses said to Aaron, â€œThis is what theÂ LordÂ meant when he said,
â€˜I will display my holiness
And Aaron was silent.
4Â Then Moses called for Mishael and Elzaphan, Aaronâ€™s cousins, the sons of Aaronâ€™s uncle Uzziel. He said to them, â€œCome forward and carry away the bodies of your relatives from in front of the sanctuary to a place outside the camp.â€5Â So they came forward and picked them up by their garments and carried them out of the camp, just as Moses had commanded.
6Â Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons Eleazar and Ithamar, â€œDo not show grief by leaving your hair uncombedÂ or by tearing your clothes. If you do, you will die, and theÂ Lordâ€™s anger will strike the whole community of Israel. However, the rest of the Israelites, your relatives, may mourn because of theÂ Lordâ€™s fiery destruction of Nadab and Abihu.Â 7Â But you must not leave the entrance of the TabernacleÂ or you will die, for you have been anointed with theÂ Lordâ€™s anointing oil.â€ So they did as Moses commanded.
Instructions for Priestly Conduct
8Â Then theÂ LordÂ said to Aaron,Â 9Â â€œYou and your descendants must never drink wine or any other alcoholic drink before going into the Tabernacle. If you do, you will die. This is a permanent law for you, and it must be observed from generation to generation.Â 10Â You must distinguish between what is sacred and what is common, between what is ceremonially unclean and what is clean.Â 11Â And you must teach the Israelites all the decrees that theÂ LordÂ has given them through Moses.â€
12Â Then Moses said to Aaron and his remaining sons, Eleazar and Ithamar, â€œTake what is left of the grain offering after a portion has been presented as a special gift to theÂ Lord, and eat it beside the altar. Make sure it contains no yeast, for it is most holy.Â 13Â You must eat it in a sacred place, for it has been given to you and your descendants as your portion of the special gifts presented to theÂ Lord. These are the commands I have been given.Â 14Â But the breast and thigh that were lifted up as a special offering may be eaten in any place that is ceremonially clean. These parts have been given to you and your descendants as your portion of the peace offerings presented by the people of Israel.15Â You must lift up the thigh and breast as a special offering to theÂ Lord, along with the fat of the special gifts. These parts will belong to you and your descendants as your permanent right, just as theÂ LordÂ has commanded.â€
16Â Moses then asked them what had happened to the goat of the sin offering. When he discovered it had been burned up, he became very angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaronâ€™s remaining sons.Â 17Â â€œWhy didnâ€™t you eat the sin offering in the sacred area?â€ he demanded. â€œIt is a holy offering! TheÂ LordÂ has given it to you to remove the guilt of the community and to purify the people, making them right with theÂ Lord.Â 18Â Since the animalâ€™s blood was not brought into the Holy Place, you should have eaten the meat in the sacred area as I ordered you.â€
19Â Then Aaron answered Moses, â€œToday my sons presented both their sin offering and their burnt offering to theÂ Lord. And yet this tragedy has happened to me. If I had eaten the peopleâ€™s sin offering on such a tragic day as this, would theÂ LordÂ have been pleased?â€Â 20Â And when Moses heard this, he was satisfied.
Ceremonially Clean and Unclean Animals
11Â Then theÂ LordÂ said to Moses and Aaron,Â 2Â â€œGive the following instructions to the people of Israel.
â€œOf all the land animals, these are the ones you may use for food.Â 3Â You may eat any animal that has completely split hooves and chews the cud.Â 4Â You may not, however, eat the following animalsÂ that have split hooves or that chew the cud, but not both. The camel chews the cud but does not have split hooves, so it is ceremonially unclean for you.Â 5Â The hyraxÂ chews the cud but does not have split hooves, so it is unclean.Â 6Â The hare chews the cud but does not have split hooves, so it is unclean.Â 7Â The pig has evenly split hooves but does not chew the cud, so it is unclean.Â 8Â You may not eat the meat of these animals or even touch their carcasses. They are ceremonially unclean for you.
9Â â€œOf all the marine animals, these are ones you may use for food. You may eat anything from the water if it has both fins and scales, whether taken from salt water or from streams.Â 10Â But you must never eat animals from the sea or from rivers that do not have both fins and scales. They are detestable to you. This applies both to little creatures that live in shallow water and to all creatures that live in deep water.Â 11Â They will always be detestable to you. You must never eat their meat or even touch their dead bodies.Â 12Â Any marine animal that does not have both fins and scales is detestable to you.
13Â â€œThese are the birds that are detestable to you. You must never eat them: the griffon vulture, the bearded vulture, the black vulture,Â 14Â the kite, falcons of all kinds,Â 15Â ravens of all kinds,Â 16Â the eagle owl, the short-eared owl, the seagull, hawks of all kinds,Â 17Â the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl,Â 18Â the barn owl, the desert owl, the Egyptian vulture,Â 19Â the stork, herons of all kinds, the hoopoe, and the bat.
20Â â€œYou must not eat winged insects that walk along the ground; they are detestable to you.Â 21Â You may, however, eat winged insects that walk along the ground and have jointed legs so they can jump.Â 22Â The insects you are permitted to eat include all kinds of locusts, bald locusts, crickets, and grasshoppers.Â 23Â All other winged insects that walk along the ground are detestable to you.
24Â â€œThe following creatures will make you ceremonially unclean. If any of you touch their carcasses, you will be defiled until evening.Â 25Â If you pick up their carcasses, you must wash your clothes, and you will remain defiled until evening.
26Â â€œAny animal that has split hooves that are not evenly divided or that does not chew the cud is unclean for you. If you touch the carcass of such an animal, you will be defiled.Â 27Â Of the animals that walk on all fours, those that have paws are unclean. If you touch the carcass of such an animal, you will be defiled until evening.Â 28Â If you pick up its carcass, you must wash your clothes, and you will remain defiled until evening. These animals are unclean for you.
29Â â€œOf the small animals that scurry along the ground, these are unclean for you: the mole rat, the rat, large lizards of all kinds,Â 30Â the gecko, the monitor lizard, the common lizard, the sand lizard, and the chameleon.Â 31Â All these small animals are unclean for you. If any of you touch the dead body of such an animal, you will be defiled until evening.Â 32Â If such an animal dies and falls on something, that object will be unclean. This is true whether the object is made of wood, cloth, leather, or burlap. Whatever its use, you must dip it in water, and it will remain defiled until evening. After that, it will be ceremonially clean and may be used again.
33Â â€œIf such an animal falls into a clay pot, everything in the pot will be defiled, and the pot must be smashed.Â 34Â If the water from such a container spills on any food, the food will be defiled. And any beverage in such a container will be defiled.Â 35Â Any object on which the carcass of such an animal falls will be defiled. If it is an oven or hearth, it must be destroyed, for it is defiled, and you must treat it accordingly.
36Â â€œHowever, if the carcass of such an animal falls into a spring or a cistern, the water will still be clean. But anyone who touches the carcass will be defiled.Â 37Â If the carcass falls on seed grain to be planted in the field, the seed will still be considered clean.Â 38Â But if the seed is wet when the carcass falls on it, the seed will be defiled.
39Â â€œIf an animal you are permitted to eat dies and you touch its carcass, you will be defiled until evening.Â 40Â If you eat any of its meat or carry away its carcass, you must wash your clothes, and you will remain defiled until evening.
41Â â€œAll small animals that scurry along the ground are detestable, and you must never eat them.Â 42Â This includes all animals that slither along on their bellies, as well as those with four legs and those with many feet. All such animals that scurry along the ground are detestable, and you must never eat them.Â 43Â Do not defile yourselves by touching them. You must not make yourselves ceremonially unclean because of them.Â 44Â For I am theÂ LordÂ your God. You must consecrate yourselves and be holy, because I am holy. So do not defile yourselves with any of these small animals that scurry along the ground.Â 45Â For I, theÂ Lord, am the one who brought you up from the land of Egypt, that I might be your God. Therefore, you must be holy because I am holy.
46Â â€œThese are the instructions regarding land animals, birds, marine creatures, and animals that scurry along the ground.Â 47Â By these instructions you will know what is unclean and clean, and which animals may be eaten and which may not be eaten.â€
Purification after Childbirth
12Â TheÂ LordÂ said to Moses,Â 2Â â€œGive the following instructions to the people of Israel. If a woman becomes pregnant and gives birth to a son, she will be ceremonially unclean for seven days, just as she is unclean during her menstrual period.Â 3Â On the eighth day the boyâ€™s foreskin must be circumcised.Â 4Â After waiting thirty-three days, she will be purified from the bleeding of childbirth. During this time of purification, she must not touch anything that is set apart as holy. And she must not enter the sanctuary until her time of purification is over.Â 5Â If a woman gives birth to a daughter, she will be ceremonially unclean for two weeks, just as she is unclean during her menstrual period. After waiting sixty-six days, she will be purified from the bleeding of childbirth.
6Â â€œWhen the time of purification is completed for either a son or a daughter, the woman must bring a one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or turtledove for a purification offering. She must bring her offerings to the priest at the entrance of the Tabernacle.Â 7Â The priest will then present them to theÂ LordÂ to purify her.Â Then she will be ceremonially clean again after her bleeding at childbirth. These are the instructions for a woman after the birth of a son or a daughter.
8Â â€œIf a woman cannot afford to bring a lamb, she must bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons. One will be for the burnt offering and the other for the purification offering. The priest will sacrifice them to purify her, and she will be ceremonially clean.â€
Jesus Is Betrayed and Arrested
47Â And even as Jesus said this, Judas, one of the twelve disciples, arrived with a crowd of men armed with swords and clubs. They had been sent by the leading priests and elders of the people.Â 48Â The traitor, Judas, had given them a prearranged signal: â€œYou will know which one to arrest when I greet him with a kiss.â€Â 49Â So Judas came straight to Jesus. â€œGreetings, Rabbi!â€ he exclaimed and gave him the kiss.
50Â Jesus said,Â â€œMy friend, go ahead and do what you have come for.â€
Then the others grabbed Jesus and arrested him.Â 51Â But one of the men with Jesus pulled out his sword and struck the high priestâ€™s slave, slashing off his ear.
52Â â€œPut away your sword,â€Â Jesus told him.Â â€œThose who use the sword will die by the sword.Â 53Â Donâ€™t you realize that I could ask my Father for thousandsÂ of angels to protect us, and he would send them instantly?Â 54Â But if I did, how would the Scriptures be fulfilled that describe what must happen now?â€
55Â Then Jesus said to the crowd,Â â€œAm I some dangerous revolutionary, that you come with swords and clubs to arrest me? Why didnâ€™t you arrest me in the Temple? I was there teaching every day.Â 56Â But this is all happening to fulfill the words of the prophets as recorded in the Scriptures.â€Â At that point, all the disciples deserted him and fled.
Jesus before the Council
57Â Then the people who had arrested Jesus led him to the home of Caiaphas, the high priest, where the teachers of religious law and the elders had gathered.Â 58Â Meanwhile, Peter followed him at a distance and came to the high priestâ€™s courtyard. He went in and sat with the guards and waited to see how it would all end.
59Â Inside, the leading priests and the entire high councilÂ were trying to find witnesses who would lie about Jesus, so they could put him to death.Â 60Â But even though they found many who agreed to give false witness, they could not use anyoneâ€™s testimony. Finally, two men came forwardÂ 61Â who declared, â€œThis man said, â€˜I am able to destroy the Temple of God and rebuild it in three days.â€™â€
62Â Then the high priest stood up and said to Jesus, â€œWell, arenâ€™t you going to answer these charges? What do you have to say for yourself?â€Â 63Â But Jesus remained silent. Then the high priest said to him, â€œI demand in the name of the living Godâ€”tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God.â€
64Â Jesus replied,Â â€œYou have said it. And in the future you will see the Son of Man seated in the place of power at Godâ€™s right handÂ and coming on the clouds of heaven.â€
65Â Then the high priest tore his clothing to show his horror and said, â€œBlasphemy! Why do we need other witnesses? You have all heard his blasphemy.Â 66Â What is your verdict?â€
â€œGuilty!â€ they shouted. â€œHe deserves to die!â€
67Â Then they began to spit in Jesusâ€™ face and beat him with their fists. And some slapped him,Â 68Â jeering, â€œProphesy to us, you Messiah! Who hit you that time?â€
Peter Denies Jesus
69Â Meanwhile, Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. A servant girl came over and said to him, â€œYou were one of those with Jesus the Galilean.â€
70Â But Peter denied it in front of everyone. â€œI donâ€™t know what youâ€™re talking about,â€ he said.
71Â Later, out by the gate, another servant girl noticed him and said to those standing around, â€œThis man was with Jesus of Nazareth.â€
72Â Again Peter denied it, this time with an oath. â€œI donâ€™t even know the man,â€ he said.
73Â A little later some of the other bystanders came over to Peter and said, â€œYou must be one of them; we can tell by your Galilean accent.â€
74Â Peter swore, â€œA curse on me if Iâ€™m lyingâ€”I donâ€™t know the man!â€ And immediately the rooster crowed.
75Â Suddenly, Jesusâ€™ words flashed through Peterâ€™s mind:Â â€œBefore the rooster crows, you will deny three times that you even know me.â€Â And he went away, weeping bitterly.