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A New Copy of the Covenant
34Â Then theÂ LordÂ told Moses, â€œChisel out two stone tablets like the first ones. I will write on them the same words that were on the tablets you smashed.Â 2Â Be ready in the morning to climb up Mount Sinai and present yourself to me on the top of the mountain.Â 3Â No one else may come with you. In fact, no one is to appear anywhere on the mountain. Do not even let the flocks or herds graze near the mountain.â€
4Â So Moses chiseled out two tablets of stone like the first ones. Early in the morning he climbed Mount Sinai as theÂ LordÂ had commanded him, and he carried the two stone tablets in his hands.
5Â Then theÂ LordÂ came down in a cloud and stood there with him; and he called out his own name, Yahweh.Â 6Â TheÂ LordÂ passed in front of Moses, calling out,
â€œYahweh!Â TheÂ Lord!
8Â Moses immediately threw himself to the ground and worshiped.Â 9Â And he said, â€œO Lord, if it is true that I have found favor with you, then please travel with us. Yes, this is a stubborn and rebellious people, but please forgive our iniquity and our sins. Claim us as your own special possession.â€
10Â TheÂ LordÂ replied, â€œListen, I am making a covenant with you in the presence of all your people. I will perform miracles that have never been performed anywhere in all the earth or in any nation. And all the people around you will see the power of theLordâ€”the awesome power I will display for you.Â 11Â But listen carefully to everything I command you today. Then I will go ahead of you and drive out the Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.
12Â â€œBe very careful never to make a treaty with the people who live in the land where you are going. If you do, you will follow their evil ways and be trapped.Â 13Â Instead, you must break down their pagan altars, smash their sacred pillars, and cut down their Asherah poles.Â 14Â You must worship no other gods, for theÂ Lord, whose very name is Jealous, is a God who is jealous about his relationship with you.
15Â â€œYou must not make a treaty of any kind with the people living in the land. They lust after their gods, offering sacrifices to them. They will invite you to join them in their sacrificial meals, and you will go with them.Â 16Â Then you will accept their daughters, who sacrifice to other gods, as wives for your sons. And they will seduce your sons to commit adultery against me by worshiping other gods.Â 17Â You must not make any gods of molten metal for yourselves.
18Â â€œYou must celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread. For seven days the bread you eat must be made without yeast, just as I commanded you. Celebrate this festival annually at the appointed time in early spring, in the month of Abib,Â for that is the anniversary of your departure from Egypt.
19Â â€œThe firstborn of every animal belongs to me, including the firstborn males from your herds of cattle and your flocks of sheep and goats.Â 20Â A firstborn donkey may be bought back from theÂ LordÂ by presenting a lamb or young goat in its place. But if you do not buy it back, you must break its neck. However, you must buy back every firstborn son.
â€œNo one may appear before me without an offering.
21Â â€œYou have six days each week for your ordinary work, but on the seventh day you must stop working, even during the seasons of plowing and harvest.
22Â â€œYou must celebrate the Festival of HarvestÂ with the first crop of the wheat harvest, and celebrate the Festival of the Final HarvestÂ at the end of the harvest season.Â 23Â Three times each year every man in Israel must appear before the Sovereign, theLord, the God of Israel.Â 24Â I will drive out the other nations ahead of you and expand your territory, so no one will covet and conquer your land while you appear before theÂ LordÂ your God three times each year.
25Â â€œYou must not offer the blood of my sacrificial offerings together with any baked goods containing yeast. And none of the meat of the Passover sacrifice may be kept over until the next morning.
26Â â€œAs you harvest your crops, bring the very best of the first harvest to the house of theÂ LordÂ your God.
â€œYou must not cook a young goat in its motherâ€™s milk.â€
27Â Then theÂ LordÂ said to Moses, â€œWrite down all these instructions, for they represent the terms of the covenant I am making with you and with Israel.â€
28Â Moses remained there on the mountain with theÂ LordÂ forty days and forty nights. In all that time he ate no bread and drank no water. And theÂ LordÂ wrote the terms of the covenantâ€”the Ten Commandmentsâ€”on the stone tablets.
29Â When Moses came down Mount Sinai carrying the two stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant,Â he wasnâ€™t aware that his face had become radiant because he had spoken to theÂ Lord.Â 30Â So when Aaron and the people of Israel saw the radiance of Mosesâ€™ face, they were afraid to come near him.
31Â But Moses called out to them and asked Aaron and all the leaders of the community to come over, and he talked with them.Â 32Â Then all the people of Israel approached him, and Moses gave them all the instructions theÂ LordÂ had given him on Mount Sinai.Â 33Â When Moses finished speaking with them, he covered his face with a veil.Â 34Â But whenever he went into the Tent of Meeting to speak with theÂ Lord, he would remove the veil until he came out again. Then he would give the people whatever instructions theÂ LordÂ had given him,Â 35Â and the people of Israel would see the radiant glow of his face. So he would put the veil over his face until he returned to speak with theÂ Lord.
Instructions for the Sabbath
35Â Then Moses called together the whole community of Israel and told them, â€œThese are the instructions theÂ LordÂ has commanded you to follow.Â 2Â You have six days each week for your ordinary work, but the seventh day must be a Sabbath day of complete rest, a holy day dedicated to theÂ Lord. Anyone who works on that day must be put to death.Â 3Â You must not even light a fire in any of your homes on the Sabbath.â€
Offerings for the Tabernacle
4Â Then Moses said to the whole community of Israel, â€œThis is what theÂ LordÂ has commanded:Â 5Â Take a sacred offering for theLord. Let those with generous hearts present the following gifts to theÂ Lord:
gold, silver, and bronze;
10Â â€œCome, all of you who are gifted craftsmen. Construct everything that theÂ LordÂ has commanded:
11Â the Tabernacle and its sacred tent, its covering, clasps, frames, crossbars, posts, and bases;
20Â So the whole community of Israel left Moses and returned to their tents.Â 21Â All whose hearts were stirred and whose spirits were moved came and brought their sacred offerings to theÂ Lord. They brought all the materials needed for the Tabernacle,for the performance of its rituals, and for the sacred garments.Â 22Â Both men and women came, all whose hearts were willing. They brought to theÂ LordÂ their offerings of goldâ€”brooches, earrings, rings from their fingers, and necklaces. They presented gold objects of every kind as a special offering to theÂ Lord.Â 23Â All those who owned the following items willingly brought them: blue, purple, and scarlet thread; fine linen and goat hair for cloth; and tanned ram skins and fine goatskin leather.Â 24Â And all who had silver and bronze objects gave them as a sacred offering to theÂ Lord. And those who had acacia wood brought it for use in the project.
25Â All the women who were skilled in sewing and spinning prepared blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine linen cloth.Â 26Â All the women who were willing used their skills to spin the goat hair into yarn.Â 27Â The leaders brought onyx stones and the special gemstones to be set in the ephod and the priestâ€™s chestpiece.Â 28Â They also brought spices and olive oil for the light, the anointing oil, and the fragrant incense.Â 29Â So the people of Israelâ€”every man and woman who was eager to help in the work theÂ LordÂ had given them through Mosesâ€”brought their gifts and gave them freely to theÂ Lord.
30Â Then Moses told the people of Israel, â€œTheÂ LordÂ has specifically chosen Bezalel son of Uri, grandson of Hur, of the tribe of Judah.Â 31Â TheÂ LordÂ has filled Bezalel with the Spirit of God, giving him great wisdom, ability, and expertise in all kinds of crafts.32Â He is a master craftsman, expert in working with gold, silver, and bronze.Â 33Â He is skilled in engraving and mounting gemstones and in carving wood. He is a master at every craft.Â 34Â And theÂ LordÂ has given both him and Oholiab son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, the ability to teach their skills to others.Â 35Â TheÂ LordÂ has given them special skills as engravers, designers, embroiderers in blue, purple, and scarlet thread on fine linen cloth, and weavers. They excel as craftsmen and as designers.
36Â â€œTheÂ LordÂ has gifted Bezalel, Oholiab, and the other skilled craftsmen with wisdom and ability to perform any task involved in building the sanctuary. Let them construct and furnish the Tabernacle, just as theÂ LordÂ has commanded.â€
2Â So Moses summoned Bezalel and Oholiab and all the others who were specially gifted by theÂ LordÂ and were eager to get to work.Â 3Â Moses gave them the materials donated by the people of Israel as sacred offerings for the completion of the sanctuary. But the people continued to bring additional gifts each morning.Â 4Â Finally the craftsmen who were working on the sanctuary left their work.Â 5Â They went to Moses and reported, â€œThe people have given more than enough materials to complete the job theÂ LordÂ has commanded us to do!â€
6Â So Moses gave the command, and this message was sent throughout the camp: â€œMen and women, donâ€™t prepare any more gifts for the sanctuary. We have enough!â€ So the people stopped bringing their sacred offerings.Â 7Â Their contributions were more than enough to complete the whole project.
Building the Tabernacle
8Â The skilled craftsmen made ten curtains of finely woven linen for the Tabernacle. Then BezalelÂ decorated the curtains with blue, purple, and scarlet thread and with skillfully embroidered cherubim.Â 9Â All ten curtains were exactly the same sizeâ€”42 feet long and 6 feet wide.Â 10Â Five of these curtains were joined together to make one long curtain, and the other five were joined to make a second long curtain.Â 11Â He made fifty loops of blue yarn and put them along the edge of the last curtain in each set.12Â The fifty loops along the edge of one curtain matched the fifty loops along the edge of the other curtain.Â 13Â Then he made fifty gold clasps and fastened the long curtains together with the clasps. In this way, the Tabernacle was made of one continuous piece.
14Â He made eleven curtains of goat-hair cloth to serve as a tent covering for the Tabernacle.Â 15Â These eleven curtains were all exactly the same sizeâ€”45 feet long and 6 feet wide.Â 16Â Bezalel joined five of these curtains together to make one long curtain, and the other six were joined to make a second long curtain.Â 17Â He made fifty loops for the edge of each large curtain.Â 18Â He also made fifty bronze clasps to fasten the long curtains together. In this way, the tent covering was made of one continuous piece.Â 19Â He completed the tent covering with a layer of tanned ram skins and a layer of fine goatskin leather.
20Â For the framework of the Tabernacle, Bezalel constructed frames of acacia wood.Â 21Â Each frame was 15 feet high and 27 inches wide,Â 22Â with two pegs under each frame. All the frames were identical.Â 23Â He made twenty of these frames to support the curtains on the south side of the Tabernacle.Â 24Â He also made forty silver basesâ€”two bases under each frame, with the pegs fitting securely into the bases.Â 25Â For the north side of the Tabernacle, he made another twenty frames,Â 26Â with their forty silver bases, two bases under each frame.Â 27Â He made six frames for the rearâ€”the west side of the Tabernacleâ€”28Â along with two additional frames to reinforce the rear corners of the Tabernacle.Â 29Â These corner frames were matched at the bottom and firmly attached at the top with a single ring, forming a single corner unit. Both of these corner units were made the same way.Â 30Â So there were eight frames at the rear of the Tabernacle, set in sixteen silver basesâ€”two bases under each frame.
31Â Then he made crossbars of acacia wood to link the frames, five crossbars for the north side of the TabernacleÂ 32Â and five for the south side. He also made five crossbars for the rear of the Tabernacle, which faced west.Â 33Â He made the middle crossbar to attach halfway up the frames; it ran all the way from one end of the Tabernacle to the other.Â 34Â He overlaid the frames with gold and made gold rings to hold the crossbars. Then he overlaid the crossbars with gold as well.
35Â For the inside of the Tabernacle, Bezalel made a special curtain of finely woven linen. He decorated it with blue, purple, and scarlet thread and with skillfully embroidered cherubim.Â 36Â For the curtain, he made four posts of acacia wood and four gold hooks. He overlaid the posts with gold and set them in four silver bases.
37Â Then he made another curtain for the entrance to the sacred tent. He made it of finely woven linen and embroidered it with exquisite designs using blue, purple, and scarlet thread.Â 38Â This curtain was hung on gold hooks attached to five posts. The posts with their decorated tops and hooks were overlaid with gold, and the five bases were cast from bronze.
Discussion about Resurrection
23Â That same day Jesus was approached by some Sadduceesâ€”religious leaders who say there is no resurrection from the dead. They posed this question:Â 24Â â€œTeacher, Moses said, â€˜If a man dies without children, his brother should marry the widow and have a child who will carry on the brotherâ€™s name.â€™Â 25Â Well, suppose there were seven brothers. The oldest one married and then died without children, so his brother married the widow.Â 26Â But the second brother also died, and the third brother married her. This continued with all seven of them.Â 27Â Last of all, the woman also died.Â 28Â So tell us, whose wife will she be in the resurrection? For all seven were married to her.â€
29Â Jesus replied,Â â€œYour mistake is that you donâ€™t know the Scriptures, and you donâ€™t know the power of God.Â 30Â For when the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage. In this respect they will be like the angels in heaven.
31Â â€œBut now, as to whether there will be a resurrection of the deadâ€”havenâ€™t you ever read about this in the Scriptures? Long after Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob had died, God said,Â 32Â â€˜I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.â€™So he is the God of the living, not the dead.â€
33Â When the crowds heard him, they were astounded at his teaching.
The Most Important Commandment
34Â But when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees with his reply, they met together to question him again.35Â One of them, an expert in religious law, tried to trap him with this question:Â 36Â â€œTeacher, which is the most important commandment in the law of Moses?â€
37Â Jesus replied,Â â€œâ€˜You must love the LordÂ your God with all your heart, all your soul, and all your mind.â€™Â 38Â This is the first and greatest commandment.Â 39Â A second is equally important: â€˜Love your neighbor as yourself.â€™Â 40Â The entire law and all the demands of the prophets are based on these two commandments.â€
Whose Son Is the Messiah?
41Â Then, surrounded by the Pharisees, Jesus asked them a question:Â 42Â â€œWhat do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?â€
They replied, â€œHe is the son of David.â€
43Â Jesus responded,Â â€œThen why does David, speaking under the inspiration of the Spirit, call the Messiah â€˜my Lordâ€™? For David said,
44Â â€˜The LordÂ said to my Lord,
45Â Since David called the Messiah â€˜my Lord,â€™ how can the Messiah be his son?â€
46Â No one could answer him. And after that, no one dared to ask him any more questions.