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Clothing for the Priests
28Â â€œCall for your brother, Aaron, and his sons, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. Set them apart from the rest of the people of Israel so they may minister to me and be my priests.Â 2Â Make sacred garments for Aaron that are glorious and beautiful.Â 3Â Instruct all the skilled craftsmen whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom. Have them make garments for Aaron that will distinguish him as a priest set apart for my service.Â 4Â These are the garments they are to make: a chestpiece, an ephod, a robe, a patterned tunic, a turban, and a sash. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother, Aaron, and his sons to wear when they serve me as priests.Â 5Â So give them fine linen cloth, gold thread, and blue, purple, and scarlet thread.
Design of the Ephod
6Â â€œThe craftsmen must make the ephod of finely woven linen and skillfully embroider it with gold and with blue, purple, and scarlet thread.Â 7Â It will consist of two pieces, front and back, joined at the shoulders with two shoulder-pieces.Â 8Â The decorative sash will be made of the same materials: finely woven linen embroidered with gold and with blue, purple, and scarlet thread.
9Â â€œTake two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the tribes of Israel.Â 10Â Six names will be on each stone, arranged in the order of the births of the original sons of Israel.Â 11Â Engrave these names on the two stones in the same way a jeweler engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in settings of gold filigree.Â 12Â Fasten the two stones on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod as a reminder that Aaron represents the people of Israel. Aaron will carry these names on his shoulders as a constant reminder whenever he goes before theÂ Lord.Â 13Â Make the settings of gold filigree,Â 14Â then braid two cords of pure gold and attach them to the filigree settings on the shoulders of the ephod.
Design of the Chestpiece
15Â â€œThen, with great skill and care, make a chestpiece to be worn for seeking a decision from God.Â Make it to match the ephod, using finely woven linen embroidered with gold and with blue, purple, and scarlet thread.Â 16Â Make the chestpiece of a single piece of cloth folded to form a pouch nine inchesÂ square.Â 17Â Mount four rows of gemstonesÂ on it. The first row will contain a red carnelian, a pale-green peridot, and an emerald.Â 18Â The second row will contain a turquoise, a blue lapis lazuli, and a white moonstone.Â 19Â The third row will contain an orange jacinth, an agate, and a purple amethyst.Â 20Â The fourth row will contain a blue-green beryl, an onyx, and a green jasper. All these stones will be set in gold filigree.Â 21Â Each stone will represent one of the twelve sons of Israel, and the name of that tribe will be engraved on it like a seal.
22Â â€œTo attach the chestpiece to the ephod, make braided cords of pure gold thread.Â 23Â Then make two gold rings and attach them to the top corners of the chestpiece.Â 24Â Tie the two gold cords to the two rings on the chestpiece.Â 25Â Tie the other ends of the cords to the gold settings on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod.Â 26Â Then make two more gold rings and attach them to the inside edges of the chestpiece next to the ephod.Â 27Â And make two more gold rings and attach them to the front of the ephod, below the shoulder-pieces, just above the knot where the decorative sash is fastened to the ephod.Â 28Â Then attach the bottom rings of the chestpiece to the rings on the ephod with blue cords. This will hold the chestpiece securely to the ephod above the decorative sash.
29Â â€œIn this way, Aaron will carry the names of the tribes of Israel on the sacred chestpieceÂ over his heart when he goes into the Holy Place. This will be a continual reminder that he represents the people when he comes before theÂ Lord.Â 30Â Insert the Urim and Thummim into the sacred chestpiece so they will be carried over Aaronâ€™s heart when he goes into theÂ Lordâ€™s presence. In this way, Aaron will always carry over his heart the objects used to determine theÂ Lordâ€™s will for his people whenever he goes in before theÂ Lord.
Additional Clothing for the Priests
31Â â€œMake the robe that is worn with the ephod from a single piece of blue cloth,Â 32Â with an opening for Aaronâ€™s head in the middle of it. Reinforce the opening with a woven collarÂ so it will not tear.Â 33Â Make pomegranates out of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and attach them to the hem of the robe, with gold bells between them.Â 34Â The gold bells and pomegranates are to alternate all around the hem.Â 35Â Aaron will wear this robe whenever he ministers before theÂ Lord, and the bells will tinkle as he goes in and out of theÂ Lordâ€™s presence in the Holy Place. If he wears it, he will not die.
36Â â€œNext make a medallion of pure gold, and engrave it like a seal with these words:Â Holy to the Lord.Â 37Â Attach the medallion with a blue cord to the front of Aaronâ€™s turban, where it must remain.Â 38Â Aaron must wear it on his forehead so he may take on himself any guilt of the people of Israel when they consecrate their sacred offerings. He must always wear it on his forehead so theÂ LordÂ will accept the people.
39Â â€œWeave Aaronâ€™s patterned tunic from fine linen cloth. Fashion the turban from this linen as well. Also make a sash, and decorate it with colorful embroidery.
40Â â€œFor Aaronâ€™s sons, make tunics, sashes, and special head coverings that are glorious and beautiful.Â 41Â Clothe your brother, Aaron, and his sons with these garments, and then anoint and ordain them. Consecrate them so they can serve as my priests.Â 42Â Also make linen undergarments for them, to be worn next to their bodies, reaching from their hips to their thighs.43Â These must be worn whenever Aaron and his sons enter the TabernacleÂ or approach the altar in the Holy Place to perform their priestly duties. Then they will not incur guilt and die. This is a permanent law for Aaron and all his descendants after him.
Dedication of the Priests
29Â â€œThis is the ceremony you must follow when you consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests: Take a young bull and two rams with no defects.Â 2Â Then, using choice wheat flour and no yeast, make loaves of bread, thin cakes mixed with olive oil, and wafers spread with oil.Â 3Â Place them all in a single basket, and present them at the entrance of the Tabernacle, along with the young bull and the two rams.
4Â â€œPresent Aaron and his sons at the entrance of the Tabernacle,Â and wash them with water.Â 5Â Dress Aaron in his priestly garmentsâ€”the tunic, the robe worn with the ephod, the ephod itself, and the chestpiece. Then wrap the decorative sash of the ephod around him.Â 6Â Place the turban on his head, and fasten the sacred medallion to the turban.Â 7Â Then anoint him by pouring the anointing oil over his head.Â 8Â Next present his sons, and dress them in their tunics.Â 9Â Wrap the sashes around the waists of Aaron and his sons, and put their special head coverings on them. Then the right to the priesthood will be theirs by law forever. In this way, you will ordain Aaron and his sons.
10Â â€œBring the young bull to the entrance of the Tabernacle, where Aaron and his sons will lay their hands on its head.Â 11Â Then slaughter the bull in theÂ Lordâ€™s presence at the entrance of the Tabernacle.Â 12Â Put some of its blood on the horns of the altar with your finger, and pour out the rest at the base of the altar.Â 13Â Take all the fat around the internal organs, the long lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat around them, and burn it all on the altar.Â 14Â Then take the rest of the bull, including its hide, meat, and dung, and burn it outside the camp as a sin offering.
15Â â€œNext Aaron and his sons must lay their hands on the head of one of the rams.Â 16Â Then slaughter the ram, and splatter its blood against all sides of the altar.Â 17Â Cut the ram into pieces, and wash off the internal organs and the legs. Set them alongside the head and the other pieces of the body,Â 18Â then burn the entire animal on the altar. This is a burnt offering to theÂ Lord; it is a pleasing aroma, a special gift presented to theÂ Lord.
19Â â€œNow take the other ram, and have Aaron and his sons lay their hands on its head.Â 20Â Then slaughter it, and apply some of its blood to the right earlobes of Aaron and his sons. Also put it on the thumbs of their right hands and the big toes of their right feet. Splatter the rest of the blood against all sides of the altar.Â 21Â Then take some of the blood from the altar and some of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron and his sons and on their garments. In this way, they and their garments will be set apart as holy.
22Â â€œSince this is the ram for the ordination of Aaron and his sons, take the fat of the ram, including the fat of the broad tail, the fat around the internal organs, the long lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat around them, along with the right thigh.Â 23Â Then take one round loaf of bread, one thin cake mixed with olive oil, and one wafer from the basket of bread without yeast that was placed in theÂ Lordâ€™s presence.Â 24Â Put all these in the hands of Aaron and his sons to be lifted up as a special offering to theÂ Lord.Â 25Â Afterward take the various breads from their hands, and burn them on the altar along with the burnt offering. It is a pleasing aroma to theÂ Lord, a special gift for him.Â 26Â Then take the breast of Aaronâ€™s ordination ram, and lift it up in theÂ Lordâ€™s presence as a special offering to him. Then keep it as your own portion.
27Â â€œSet aside the portions of the ordination ram that belong to Aaron and his sons. This includes the breast and the thigh that were lifted up before theÂ LordÂ as a special offering.Â 28Â In the future, whenever the people of Israel lift up a peace offering, a portion of it must be set aside for Aaron and his descendants. This is their permanent right, and it is a sacred offering from the Israelites to theÂ Lord.
29Â â€œAaronâ€™s sacred garments must be preserved for his descendants who succeed him, and they will wear them when they are anointed and ordained.Â 30Â The descendant who succeeds him as high priest will wear these clothes for seven days as he ministers in the Tabernacle and the Holy Place.
31Â â€œTake the ram used in the ordination ceremony, and boil its meat in a sacred place.Â 32Â Then Aaron and his sons will eat this meat, along with the bread in the basket, at the Tabernacle entrance.Â 33Â They alone may eat the meat and bread used for their purificationÂ in the ordination ceremony. No one else may eat them, for these things are set apart and holy.Â 34Â If any of the ordination meat or bread remains until the morning, it must be burned. It may not be eaten, for it is holy.
35Â â€œThis is how you will ordain Aaron and his sons to their offices, just as I have commanded you. The ordination ceremony will go on for seven days.Â 36Â Each day you must sacrifice a young bull as a sin offering to purify them, making them right with theÂ Lord.Â Afterward, cleanse the altar by purifying it; make it holy by anointing it with oil.Â 37Â Purify the altar, and consecrate it every day for seven days. After that, the altar will be absolutely holy, and whatever touches it will become holy.
38Â â€œThese are the sacrifices you are to offer regularly on the altar. Each day, offer two lambs that are a year old,Â 39Â one in the morning and the other in the evening.Â 40Â With one of them, offer two quarts of choice flour mixed with one quart of pure oil of pressed olives; also, offer one quart of wineÂ as a liquid offering.Â 41Â Offer the other lamb in the evening, along with the same offerings of flour and wine as in the morning. It will be a pleasing aroma, a special gift presented to theÂ Lord.
42Â â€œThese burnt offerings are to be made each day from generation to generation. Offer them in theÂ Lordâ€™s presence at the Tabernacle entrance; there I will meet with you and speak with you.Â 43Â I will meet the people of Israel there, in the place made holy by my glorious presence.Â 44Â Yes, I will consecrate the Tabernacle and the altar, and I will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests.Â 45Â Then I will live among the people of Israel and be their God,Â 46Â and they will know that I am theLordÂ their God. I am the one who brought them out of the land of Egypt so that I could live among them. I am theÂ LordÂ their God.
Plans for the Incense Altar
30Â â€œThen make another altar of acacia wood for burning incense.Â 2Â Make it 18 inches square and 36 inches high,Â with horns at the corners carved from the same piece of wood as the altar itself.Â 3Â Overlay the top, sides, and horns of the altar with pure gold, and run a gold molding around the entire altar.Â 4Â Make two gold rings, and attach them on opposite sides of the altar below the gold molding to hold the carrying poles.Â 5Â Make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.Â 6Â Place the incense altar just outside the inner curtain that shields the Ark of the Covenant,Â in front of the Arkâ€™s coverâ€”the place of atonementâ€”that covers the tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant.Â I will meet with you there.
7Â â€œEvery morning when Aaron maintains the lamps, he must burn fragrant incense on the altar.Â 8Â And each evening when he lights the lamps, he must again burn incense in theÂ Lordâ€™s presence. This must be done from generation to generation.Â 9Â Do not offer any unholy incense on this altar, or any burnt offerings, grain offerings, or liquid offerings.
10Â â€œOnce a year Aaron must purifyÂ the altar by smearing its horns with blood from the offering made to purify the people from their sin. This will be a regular, annual event from generation to generation, for this is theÂ Lordâ€™s most holy altar.â€
Money for the Tabernacle
11Â Then theÂ LordÂ said to Moses,Â 12Â â€œWhenever you take a census of the people of Israel, each man who is counted must pay a ransom for himself to theÂ Lord. Then no plague will strike the people as you count them.Â 13Â Each person who is counted must give a small piece of silver as a sacred offering to theÂ Lord. (This payment is half a shekel,Â based on the sanctuary shekel, which equals twenty gerahs.)Â 14Â All who have reached their twentieth birthday must give this sacred offering to theLord.Â 15Â When this offering is given to theÂ LordÂ to purify your lives, making you right with him,Â the rich must not give more than the specified amount, and the poor must not give less.Â 16Â Receive this ransom money from the Israelites, and use it for the care of the Tabernacle.Â It will bring the Israelites to theÂ Lordâ€™s attention, and it will purify your lives.â€
Plans for the Washbasin
17Â Then theÂ LordÂ said to Moses,Â 18Â â€œMake a bronze washbasin with a bronze stand. Place it between the Tabernacle and the altar, and fill it with water.Â 19Â Aaron and his sons will wash their hands and feet there.Â 20Â They must wash with water whenever they go into the Tabernacle to appear before theÂ LordÂ and when they approach the altar to burn up their special gifts to theÂ Lordâ€”or they will die!Â 21Â They must always wash their hands and feet, or they will die. This is a permanent law for Aaron and his descendants, to be observed from generation to generation.â€
The Anointing Oil
22Â Then theÂ LordÂ said to Moses,Â 23Â â€œCollect choice spicesâ€”12 1â„2 pounds of pure myrrh, 6 1â„4 pounds of fragrant cinnamon, 6 1â„4 pounds of fragrant calamus,Â 24Â and 12 1â„2 pounds of cassiaâ€”as measured by the weight of the sanctuary shekel. Also get one gallon of olive oil.Â 25Â Like a skilled incense maker, blend these ingredients to make a holy anointing oil.Â 26Â Use this sacred oil to anoint the Tabernacle, the Ark of the Covenant,Â 27Â the table and all its utensils, the lampstand and all its accessories, the incense altar,Â 28Â the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils, and the washbasin with its stand.29Â Consecrate them to make them absolutely holy. After this, whatever touches them will also become holy.
30Â â€œAnoint Aaron and his sons also, consecrating them to serve me as priests.Â 31Â And say to the people of Israel, â€˜This holy anointing oil is reserved for me from generation to generation.Â 32Â It must never be used to anoint anyone else, and you must never make any blend like it for yourselves. It is holy, and you must treat it as holy.Â 33Â Anyone who makes a blend like it or anoints someone other than a priest will be cut off from the community.â€™â€
34Â Then theÂ LordÂ said to Moses, â€œGather fragrant spicesâ€”resin droplets, mollusk shell, and galbanumâ€”and mix these fragrant spices with pure frankincense, weighed out in equal amounts.Â 35Â Using the usual techniques of the incense maker, blend the spices together and sprinkle them with salt to produce a pure and holy incense.Â 36Â Grind some of the mixture into a very fine powder and put it in front of the Ark of the Covenant,Â where I will meet with you in the Tabernacle. You must treat this incense as most holy.Â 37Â Never use this formula to make this incense for yourselves. It is reserved for theÂ Lord, and you must treat it as holy.Â 38Â Anyone who makes incense like this for personal use will be cut off from the community.â€
Parable of the Two Sons
28Â â€œBut what do you think about this? A man with two sons told the older boy, â€˜Son, go out and work in the vineyard today.â€™29Â The son answered, â€˜No, I wonâ€™t go,â€™ but later he changed his mind and went anyway.Â 30Â Then the father told the other son, â€˜You go,â€™ and he said, â€˜Yes, sir, I will.â€™ But he didnâ€™t go.
31Â â€œWhich of the two obeyed his father?â€
They replied, â€œThe first.â€
Then Jesus explained his meaning:Â â€œI tell you the truth, corrupt tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the Kingdom of God before you do.Â 32Â For John the Baptist came and showed you the right way to live, but you didnâ€™t believe him, while tax collectors and prostitutes did. And even when you saw this happening, you refused to believe him and repent of your sins.
Parable of the Evil Farmers
33Â â€œNow listen to another story. A certain landowner planted a vineyard, built a wall around it, dug a pit for pressing out the grape juice, and built a lookout tower. Then he leased the vineyard to tenant farmers and moved to another country.Â 34Â At the time of the grape harvest, he sent his servants to collect his share of the crop.Â 35Â But the farmers grabbed his servants, beat one, killed one, and stoned another.Â 36Â So the landowner sent a larger group of his servants to collect for him, but the results were the same.
37Â â€œFinally, the owner sent his son, thinking, â€˜Surely they will respect my son.â€™
38Â â€œBut when the tenant farmers saw his son coming, they said to one another, â€˜Here comes the heir to this estate. Come on, letâ€™s kill him and get the estate for ourselves!â€™Â 39Â So they grabbed him, dragged him out of the vineyard, and murdered him.
40Â â€œWhen the owner of the vineyard returns,â€Â Jesus asked,Â â€œwhat do you think he will do to those farmers?â€
41Â The religious leaders replied, â€œHe will put the wicked men to a horrible death and lease the vineyard to others who will give him his share of the crop after each harvest.â€
42Â Then Jesus asked them,Â â€œDidnâ€™t you ever read this in the Scriptures?
â€˜The stone that the builders rejected
43Â I tell you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a nation that will produce the proper fruit.44Â Anyone who stumbles over that stone will be broken to pieces, and it will crush anyone it falls on.â€
45Â When the leading priests and Pharisees heard this parable, they realized he was telling the story against themâ€”they were the wicked farmers.Â 46Â They wanted to arrest him, but they were afraid of the crowds, who considered Jesus to be a prophet.