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10Â This is the account of the families of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the three sons of Noah. Many children were born to them after the great flood.
Descendants of Japheth
2Â The descendants of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
3Â The descendants of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
4Â The descendants of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim.Â 5Â Their descendants became the seafaring peoples that spread out to various lands, each identified by its own language, clan, and national identity.
Descendants of Ham
6Â The descendants of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.
7Â The descendants of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The descendants of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan.
8Â Cush was also the ancestor of Nimrod, who was the first heroic warrior on earth.Â 9Â Since he was the greatest hunter in the world,Â his name became proverbial. People would say, â€œThis man is like Nimrod, the greatest hunter in the world.â€Â 10Â He built his kingdom in the land of Babylonia,Â with the cities of Babylon, Erech, Akkad, and Calneh.Â 11Â From there he expanded his territory to Assyria,Â building the cities of Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, Calah,Â 12Â and Resen (the great city located between Nineveh and Calah).
13Â Mizraim was the ancestor of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,Â 14Â Pathrusites, Casluhites, and the Caphtorites, from whom the Philistines came.
15Â Canaanâ€™s oldest son was Sidon, the ancestor of the Sidonians. Canaan was also the ancestor of the Hittites,Â 16Â Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites,Â 17Â Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,Â 18Â Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathites. The Canaanite clans eventually spread out,Â 19Â and the territory of Canaan extended from Sidon in the north to Gerar and Gaza in the south, and east as far as Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, near Lasha.
20Â These were the descendants of Ham, identified by clan, language, territory, and national identity.
Descendants of Shem
21Â Sons were also born to Shem, the older brother of Japheth.Â Shem was the ancestor of all the descendants of Eber.
22Â The descendants of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
23Â The descendants of Aram were Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
24Â Arphaxad was the father of Shelah,Â and Shelah was the father of Eber.
25Â Eber had two sons. The first was named Peleg (which means â€œdivisionâ€), for during his lifetime the people of the world were divided into different language groups. His brotherâ€™s name was Joktan.
26Â Joktan was the ancestor of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,Â 27Â Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,Â 28Â Obal, Abimael, Sheba,29Â Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were descendants of Joktan.Â 30Â The territory they occupied extended from Mesha all the way to Sephar in the eastern mountains.
31Â These were the descendants of Shem, identified by clan, language, territory, and national identity.
32Â These are the clans that descended from Noahâ€™s sons, arranged by nation according to their lines of descent. All the nations of the earth descended from these clans after the great flood.
The Tower of Babel
11Â At one time all the people of the world spoke the same language and used the same words.Â 2Â As the people migrated to the east, they found a plain in the land of BabyloniaÂ and settled there.
3Â They began saying to each other, â€œLetâ€™s make bricks and harden them with fire.â€ (In this region bricks were used instead of stone, and tar was used for mortar.)Â 4Â Then they said, â€œCome, letâ€™s build a great city for ourselves with a tower that reaches into the sky. This will make us famous and keep us from being scattered all over the world.â€
5Â But theÂ LordÂ came down to look at the city and the tower the people were building.Â 6Â â€œLook!â€ he said. â€œThe people are united, and they all speak the same language. After this, nothing they set out to do will be impossible for them!Â 7Â Come, letâ€™s go down and confuse the people with different languages. Then they wonâ€™t be able to understand each other.â€
8Â In that way, theÂ LordÂ scattered them all over the world, and they stopped building the city.Â 9Â That is why the city was called Babel,Â because that is where theÂ LordÂ confused the people with different languages. In this way he scattered them all over the world.
The Line of Descent from Shem to Abram
10Â This is the account of Shemâ€™s family.
Two years after the great flood, when Shem was 100 years old, he became the father ofÂ Arphaxad.Â 11Â After the birth ofArphaxad, Shem lived another 500 years and had other sons and daughters.
12Â When Arphaxad was 35 years old, he became the father of Shelah.Â 13Â After the birth of Shelah, Arphaxad lived another 403 years and had other sons and daughters.
14Â When Shelah was 30 years old, he became the father of Eber.Â 15Â After the birth of Eber, Shelah lived another 403 years and had other sons and daughters.
16Â When Eber was 34 years old, he became the father of Peleg.Â 17Â After the birth of Peleg, Eber lived another 430 years and had other sons and daughters.
18Â When Peleg was 30 years old, he became the father of Reu.Â 19Â After the birth of Reu, Peleg lived another 209 years and had other sons and daughters.
20Â When Reu was 32 years old, he became the father of Serug.Â 21Â After the birth of Serug, Reu lived another 207 years and had other sons and daughters.
22Â When Serug was 30 years old, he became the father of Nahor.Â 23Â After the birth of Nahor, Serug lived another 200 years and had other sons and daughters.
24Â When Nahor was 29 years old, he became the father of Terah.Â 25Â After the birth of Terah, Nahor lived another 119 years and had other sons and daughters.
26Â After Terah was 70 years old, he became the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran.
The Family of Terah
27Â This is the account of Terahâ€™s family. Terah was the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran was the father of Lot.28Â But Haran died in Ur of the Chaldeans, the land of his birth, while his father, Terah, was still living.Â 29Â Meanwhile, Abram and Nahor both married. The name of Abramâ€™s wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahorâ€™s wife was Milcah. (Milcah and her sister Iscah were daughters of Nahorâ€™s brother Haran.)Â 30Â But Sarai was unable to become pregnant and had no children.
31Â One day Terah took his son Abram, his daughter-in-law Sarai (his son Abramâ€™s wife), and his grandson Lot (his son Haranâ€™s child) and moved away from Ur of the Chaldeans. He was headed for the land of Canaan, but they stopped at Haran and settled there.Â 32Â Terah lived for 205 yearsÂ and died while still in Haran.
The Call of Abram
12Â TheÂ LordÂ had said to Abram, â€œLeave your native country, your relatives, and your fatherâ€™s family, and go to the land that I will show you.Â 2Â I will make you into a great nation. I will bless you and make you famous, and you will be a blessing to others.Â 3Â I will bless those who bless you and curse those who treat you with contempt. All the families on earth will be blessed through you.â€
4Â So Abram departed as theÂ LordÂ had instructed, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he left Haran.Â 5Â He took his wife, Sarai, his nephew Lot, and all his wealthâ€”his livestock and all the people he had taken into his household at Haranâ€”and headed for the land of Canaan. When they arrived in Canaan,Â 6Â Abram traveled through the land as far as Shechem. There he set up camp beside the oak of Moreh. At that time, the area was inhabited by Canaanites.
7Â Then theÂ LordÂ appeared to Abram and said, â€œI will give this land to your descendants.â€ And Abram built an altar there and dedicated it to theÂ Lord, who had appeared to him.Â 8Â After that, Abram traveled south and set up camp in the hill country, with Bethel to the west and Ai to the east. There he built another altar and dedicated it to theÂ Lord, and he worshiped theLord.Â 9Â Then Abram continued traveling south by stages toward the Negev.
Abram and Sarai in Egypt
10Â At that time a severe famine struck the land of Canaan, forcing Abram to go down to Egypt, where he lived as a foreigner.11Â As he was approaching the border of Egypt, Abram said to his wife, Sarai, â€œLook, you are a very beautiful woman.Â 12Â When the Egyptians see you, they will say, â€˜This is his wife. Letâ€™s kill him; then we can have her!â€™Â 13Â So please tell them you are my sister. Then they will spare my life and treat me well because of their interest in you.â€
14Â And sure enough, when Abram arrived in Egypt, everyone noticed Saraiâ€™s beauty.Â 15Â When the palace officials saw her, they sang her praises to Pharaoh, their king, and Sarai was taken into his palace.Â 16Â Then Pharaoh gave Abram many gifts because of herâ€”sheep, goats, cattle, male and female donkeys, male and female servants, and camels.
17Â But theÂ LordÂ sent terrible plagues upon Pharaoh and his household because of Sarai, Abramâ€™s wife.Â 18Â So Pharaoh summoned Abram and accused him sharply. â€œWhat have you done to me?â€ he demanded. â€œWhy didnâ€™t you tell me she was your wife?Â 19Â Why did you say, â€˜She is my sister,â€™ and allow me to take her as my wife? Now then, here is your wife. Take her and get out of here!â€Â 20Â Pharaoh ordered some of his men to escort them, and he sent Abram out of the country, along with his wife and all his possessions.
The Temptation of Jesus
4Â Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted there by the devil.Â 2Â For forty days and forty nights he fasted and became very hungry.
3Â During that time the devilÂ came and said to him, â€œIf you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become loaves of bread.â€
4Â But Jesus told him,Â â€œNo! The Scriptures say,
â€˜People do not live by bread alone,
5Â Then the devil took him to the holy city, Jerusalem, to the highest point of the Temple,Â 6Â and said, â€œIf you are the Son of God, jump off! For the Scriptures say,
â€˜He will order his angels to protect you.
7Â Jesus responded,Â â€œThe Scriptures also say, â€˜You must not test the LordÂ your God.â€™â€
8Â Next the devil took him to the peak of a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory.9Â â€œI will give it all to you,â€ he said, â€œif you will kneel down and worship me.â€
10Â â€œGet out of here, Satan,â€Â Jesus told him.Â â€œFor the Scriptures say,
â€˜You must worship the LordÂ your God
11Â Then the devil went away, and angels came and took care of Jesus.
The Ministry of Jesus Begins
12Â When Jesus heard that John had been arrested, he left Judea and returned to Galilee.Â 13Â He went first to Nazareth, then left there and moved to Capernaum, beside the Sea of Galilee, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali.Â 14Â This fulfilled what God said through the prophet Isaiah:
15Â â€œIn the land of Zebulun and of Naphtali,
17Â From then on Jesus began to preach,Â â€œRepent of your sins and turn to God, for the Kingdom of Heaven is near.â€
The First Disciples
18Â One day as Jesus was walking along the shore of the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothersâ€”Simon, also called Peter, and Andrewâ€”throwing a net into the water, for they fished for a living.Â 19Â Jesus called out to them,Â â€œCome, follow me, and I will show you how to fish for people!â€Â 20Â And they left their nets at once and followed him.
21Â A little farther up the shore he saw two other brothers, James and John, sitting in a boat with their father, Zebedee, repairing their nets. And he called them to come, too.Â 22Â They immediately followed him, leaving the boat and their father behind.
Crowds Follow Jesus
23Â Jesus traveled throughout the region of Galilee, teaching in the synagogues and announcing the Good News about the Kingdom. And he healed every kind of disease and illness.Â 24Â News about him spread as far as Syria, and people soon began bringing to him all who were sick. And whatever their sickness or disease, or if they were demon possessed or epileptic or paralyzedâ€”he healed them all.Â 25Â Large crowds followed him wherever he wentâ€”people from Galilee, the Ten Towns,Jerusalem, from all over Judea, and from east of the Jordan River.