This is the last episode in the French Indochina mini-series (the others are Episodes 25, 26 and 34), and the last episode for 2017. Here we wrap up by looking at the development of nationalist movements in Vietnam before World War II, with special emphasis on Ho Chi Minh, who will be the most important nationalist after the war. Finally we will meet the Cao Dai and Hoa Hao, two new religious sects that got started in South Vietnam in the early twentieth century.

Here is how Ho Chi Minh looked when he lived in Paris, between 1917 and 1923. Not only was he young and clean shaven, he lived under several false names, his favorite being Nguyen Ai Quoc.

And here is the Ho Chi Minh you're familiar with, if you know anything about the Vietnam War. This picture was taken sometime in the 1950s.

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